top of page
Geology (Pathfinder Honor)

Geology (Pathfinder Honor)

NAD Honor


This honor is presented to those students who complete the requirements for this course and obtain a solid understanding of geology.


    1. Give the geological meaning of the following words:
      • Delta
      • Sand spit
      • Sinkhole
      • Oxbow Lake
      • Moraine
      • Cirque
      • Mesa
      • Alluvial fan
      • Anticline
      • Syncline
    2. Describe the following:
      • A shield-type volcano as compared to a composite volcano
      • How a glacier moves and what evidence it leaves behind
      • How sediments are laid down by water
      • The different types of mountains
      • Why a river or stream bank often keeps caving in on the outside of a bend
    3. Know what category of rocks (sedimentary, metamorphic, or igneous) the following rocks are:
      • Granite
      • Sandstone
      • Conglomerate
      • Slate
      • Shale
      • Marble
      • Lava
      • Limestone
      • Basalt
      • Gneiss
    4. Take a picture or make a sketch of each of the following geological features:
      • A bed of sediment that is coarser at the bottom and finer toward the top (This is called normal graded bedding.)
      • Ripple marks in sand or mud (Show with an arrow the current direction if possible.)
      • Gully erosion
      • Mud cracks (These can usually be found after a heavy rain or flood when mud starts to dry.)
      • Soil profile along a stream bank or road cut (You should be able to see how soil usually becomes lighter colored downward from the surface of the ground.)
      • Sand bar (Sand bars can be found in rivers or streams, or along the ocean.)

bottom of page